Under Ohio law a "guardian" is defined as:
"a person, association, or corporation that is granted authority by a probate court pursuant to Chapter 2111. of the Revised Code to exercise parental rights over a child to the extent provided in the court's order and subject to the residual parental rights of the child's parents."
Likewise, "legal custody" is defined as:
"a legal status that vests in the custodian the right to have physical care and control of the child and to determine where and with whom the child shall live, and the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the child and to provide the child with food, shelter, education, and medical care, all subject to any residual parental rights, privileges, and responsibilities. An individual granted legal custody shall exercise the rights and responsibilities personally unless otherwise authorized by any section of the Revised Code or by the court."
Under Ohio law, parents, guardians, and/or custodians of a child may create a "power of attorney" that grants the grandparent(s) with whom the child is residing rights and responsibilities regarding the care, physicial custody, and control of the child, including the ability to enroll the child in school, to obtain from the school district educational and behavioral information about the child, to consent to all school-related matters regarding the child, and to consent to medical, psychological, or dental treatment for the child.
The power of attorney does not, in any way, affect the rights of the parents, guardians, and/or custodians of the child in any future proceeding regarding the custody of the child or the allocation of parental rights and responsibilities for the care of the child and does not grant legal custody of the child to the attorney-in-fact. The power of attorney terminates on the occurence of whichever of the following events occurs first: (1) one year elapses following the date the power of attorney is notarized; (2) the power of attorney is revoked in writing by the person who created it; (3) the child ceases to reside with the grandparent designated as the attorney-in-fact; (4) the power of attorney is terminated by court order; (5) the death of the child who is the subject of the power of attorney; (6) the death of the grandparent designated as the attorney-in-fact.